The species Jasminum sambac is native to southern Asia, in India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka.
There are three varieties of
- Maid of Orleans: Single with five rounded petals
- Belle of India:Semi-double or single (single and double flowers on the same plant) with elongated petals
- Grand Duke of Tuscany: clusters of flowers (sometimes single flower). Only the central flower is truly double-rossete. Side flowers are semi-double, and like miniature roses
Sampaguita Sampaguitais considered a symbol of fidelity, purity, devotion, strength and dedication.
- In the Philippines, the
Sampaguitais called by various names: sambac, sampagung, campopot, lumabi, kulatai, pongso, malur and manul.
- The name
Sampaguitais a Spanish term that comes from the Philippino words "sumpa kita," which mean 'I promise you.'
- The Chinese emperor of the Sung dynasty had
Sampaguitagrowing in his palace grounds to enjoy its heavenly fragrance.
- Even the kings of Afghanistan, Nepal and Persia had Jasmine planted, in the 1400s.
- Since ancient times, Jasmine has been cultivated for its essential oils.
- Varieties of Jasmine, like J. grandiflorum, are especially used in perfumes.
Sampaguita(unlike other Jasmine varieties) is not a key ingredient in top-price perfumes, its scent and makeup have given it important uses. Sampaguitahas been used for hair ornamentation in India, China and Philippines as well.
- Malaysians scent the hair oil from coconut with
Sampaguitascents. Sampaguitais also used medicinally. Its perfume is believed to relieve a many ailments including headaches and promotes a feeling of well being. Sampaguitaroots were used to treat wounds and snake bites. The leaves and the flowers have antipyretic and decongestant properties Sampaguitaflower extract acts as a deodorant.
Sampaguita Sampaguitaplant cuttings are easy to root. More plants means more blooms at one given time and the more fragrance!
- Plant them in 3 gal pots. The plants are both full sun or shade tolerant.
- Use a good potting soil (with lots of organic matter like peat moss and humus).
- If the plant is exposed to certain conditions for a long time it gets used to them, and may get stressed after the conditions change significantly. However, gradual change should be fine.
- The smaller the plant, the easier it gets adjusted to new conditions.
- The potting mix must be well-drained. Never use top soil or garden soil for potting to avoid rotting in roots.
Sampaguitaplants need lots of light for blooming. Bright light along with regular fertilization will encourage blooming.
- Move the plant into a larger pot every spring or when the plant overgrows the pot.
Sampaguita Plant Care
- Fertilize the plants monthly with a balanced fertilizer from spring through fall.
- The stems should be tied to supports and keep the soil evenly moist through the growing season.
- Pruning of
sampaguitashould be taken up after flowering to keep the plants thinned and shaped.
- Protect from frost in temperate regions.
- As a tropical plant, the
Sampaguitaloves heat, it grows best when the soil around it stays moist but not soggy.
- Do not over-fertilize or over water.
- Bigger flowers need plenty of sun.