photos by ricardo mazalan/eitan abramotvitch
There is no electricity, no fresh water, not enough supplies and people are exposed to the bitter winter cold.
Some aid is starting to get through from the capital, Lima, but deliveries have been badly held up because the roads to Pisco are so badly damaged.
Pisco is a town on the coast, in a desert region where heat during the day is unbearable and where at night the temperatures fall dramatically.
Due to its ease of access, and its crossroads to the Andes the Spanish considered making Pisco the capital, before they decided on Lima.
The area is normally visited because of the concentration of marine animals and birds at the Paracas National Reserve, or the Peruvian Galapagos. At the reserve there are the Ballestas Islands, which are off limits to people, but boat tours can get close. The Chincha Islands are also near its coast. On the islands there are many birds, including pelicans, penguins, cormorants, Peruvian boobies, and Inca terns. There are also sea lions, turtles, dolphins, and whales.
Pisco (from Quechua: pisqu, little bird)
is a liquor distilled from grapes (a brandy) made in wine-producing regions of Peru and Chile. It is the most widely consumed spirit in Peru, Bolivia and Chile. The right to produce Pisco as an exclusive cultural commodity has been the centre of a dispute between Chile and Peru because it is produced and consumed by both Chileans and Peruvians, and both countries consider it their http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pisconational drink. The iconic cocktail in these countries is the pisco sour.
Ancient Indian Civilisation
Paracas is not only the name of the area, but that of the ancient Indian civilisation which existed over 3000 years ago. The Peruvian archaeologist Julio C Tello was the discoverer of several burial sites buried under the dunes. Because of the nature of the desert, the bodies and finely woven textiles have been extremely well preserved.Near the acropolis on the isthmus joining the Paracas peninsula to the mainland is the museum Julio C Tello with exhibits of artefacts recovered from the archaeological digs of this area.
One of the strangest discoveries to be made were the elaborately wrapped mummies. Their funeral bundles revealed what must be the first brain surgery, small metal plates were inserted into the skull to repair damaged sections.
Also the practise of skull reformation was carried out on newly born infants, moulds would be strapped to the heads of children causing the skull to grow cone shaped. Different shaped moulds were used to identify an individual clan as they differed significantly from tribe to tribe