Some particularly important cultivars of olive include:
- 'Frantoio' and 'Leccino'. These cultivars are the principal participants in Italian olive oils from Tuscany. Leccino has a mild sweet flavour while Frantoio is fruity with a stronger aftertaste. Due to their highly valued flavour, these cultivars have been migrated and are now grown in other countries.
- 'Arbequina' is a small, brown olive grown in Catalonia, Spain. As well as being used as a table olive, its oil is highly valued.
- 'Empeltre' is a medium sized, black olive grown in Spain. They are used both as a table olive and to produce a high quality olive oil.
- 'Kalamata' is a large, black olive, named after the city of Kalamata, Greece, used as a table olive. These olives are of a smooth and meatlike taste.
- 'Koroneiki' originates from the southern Peloponese, around Kalamata and Mani in Greece. This small olive, though difficult to cultivate, has a high oil yield and produces olive oil of exceptional quality.
- 'Pecholine' or 'picholine' originated in the south of France. It is green, medium size, and elongated. Their flavour is mild and nutty.
- 'Lucques' originated in the south of France (Aude département). They are green, of a large size, and elongated. The stone has an arcuated shape. Their flavour is mild and nutty.
- 'Souri' (Syrian) originated in Lebanon and is widespread in the Levant. It has a high oil yield and exceptionally aromatic flavour.
- 'Nabali' is a Palestinian cultivar also known locally as 'Baladi', which along with 'Souri' and 'Malissi' are considered to produce among the highest quality olive oil in the world.
- 'Barnea' is a modern cultivar bred in Israel to be disease resistant and to produce a generous crop. It is used both for oil and for table olives. The oil has a strong flavour with a hint of green leaf. Barnea is widely grown in Israel and in the southern hemisphere, particularly in Australia and New Zealand.
- 'Maalot' is another modern, disease-resistant, Eastern Mediterranean cultivar derived from the North African 'Chemlali' cultivar. The olive is medium sized, round, has a fruity flavour and is used almost exclusively for oil production.
- 'Mission' originated on the California Missions and is now grown throughout the state. They are black and generally used for table consumption. source :Wikipedia
Liguria - Ligurian olive oil has a strong character
and the output of the region is low compared to other zones, thus increasing its value. The oil produced from the Taggiasca olive(a destra)http://www.taggiasca.com/e/tagg.htm
|Taggiasca Olive|| |
lHomer called it "liquid gold." In ancient Greece, athletes ritually rubbed it all over their body. Drops of it seeped into the bones of dead saints and martyrs through holes in their tombs. Olive oil has been more than mere food to the peoples of the Mediterranean: it has been medicinal, magical, an endless source of fascination and wonder and the fountain of great wealth and power. The olive tree, symbol of abundance, glory and peace, gave its leafy branches to crown the victorious in friendly games and bloody war, and the oil of its fruit has anointed the noblest of heads throughout history. Olive crowns and olive branches, emblems of benediction and purifiation, were ritually offered to deities and powerful figures: some were even found in Tutankhamen's tomb.
Whole Taggiasca Olive
As I have not had the pleasure to travel for quite some years,I at least travel on my keyboard.So,here I found again an interesting place ,where the food is delicious,and plus something about olive oil,which I like so much.....(although I am very fond of Spanish olive oil,speaking from my heart and guts)besides bringing me back some memories from Italy,la bella Italia:
Liguria produces fantastic organic olive oil, basil and garlic which combine to make the region's classic pesto sauce. Othello served up one of the best trofie with pesto that I have ever eaten, but instead of the pesto all being tossed in with the pasta, it was just warmed with some green beans and dolloped in the middle of the pasta, so you could mix in as much or as little as you wanted. Another great pasta in the restaurant which the girls loved was a scampi and zucchini tagliolini.
There was an abundance of olive trees
in the land of Israel when the Hebrews entered the land, just as God had promised them.
The land was thriving with olive trees and archaeology reveals that it was a center for oil in ancient times.
The Hebrew word for "Messiah" means "to smear" with olive oil.
"And the dove came in to him in the evening;
and, lo, in her mouth was an olive leaf plucked off:
so Noah knew that the waters were abated from off the earth."
"His branches shall spread, and his beauty shall be as the olive tree"